russian nobility titles hierarchy

Why do academics stay as adjuncts for years rather than move around? This Fond contains 197,487 files with the documents which were provided for the purpose of confirming the right of nobility of the people and families of the entire Russian Empire, official correspondence as well as final decisions. Browse other questions tagged, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site. Unlike other European nobilities, barons in Russia hold the same or even more honor than as a prince or princess because the Autocrat is the only one that can grant those titles, and when the Autocrat crowns a baron, he/she gifts that baron/baroness with a coronet, a mini-crown so-to-speak. Native Slavic Religion is the fastest-growing religion in the Russian Empire, and is currently the fifth-largest religion, with some 1,302,000 Russians proclaiming in following this religion. Sometimes they are also known outside the Ruthenian nobility as "High Counts" ot "Low Princes". Unlike German-Americans, German-Russians have avoided total assimilation, and the majority still speak German on a fluent level as a native language or follow a traditional German church such as the Lutherans, as many German-speaking schools exist in Russia, in addition Germans are heavily influential in the upper echelons of Russian society. WebOverall, there were 14 grades of ranks, with the 14th being the lowest and the 1st being the highest. As an example, the following is a surname list from a file containing names attached to the nobility registered in the province of Volynia in the years 1836-1843 (Russian State Historic Archive - Fond 1343 inventory 51 file 65). Yes, of course, we exist. But being from a noble family is just a small talk perk. Nobody cares about that, as long as you are not from a truly fam In some countries, the nobility may be abolished altogether, while in others, it may be based on a system of titles that is completely different from those described above. There's been many princely families of morganatic origin, such as the House of Rennenkampf, House of Ungern-Sternberg and House of Livensky, all Russified nobilities all of Baltic German or non-princely origin, thanks to the marriage between Baltic German noblemen and Russian women, regardless of noble status. During this era, the Russian Empire would go on to colonize territories overseas that the empire of old could never achieve. Historically, everybody in Russia had their duties. Peasants tilled the land, merchants engaged in trade, priests prayed and wrote, and the gentry Thanks to Roman's ego-centric, aggressive and divisive attitude, the Asiatic Cavalry Division turned on him, in addition, the lack of presence of Nicholas I also made Kiril I's case easier, wince Kiril I and his group were in Russia attempting to gain people's sympathy, and from there on, all support went towards Kiril I Vladimirovich, who became crowned as the new Tsar of Russia. Perhaps we should use this as an opportunity to rephrase my question, so that yourself and other users can give an answer which is closer to what I'm looking for? However, the Russians eventually ended up invading Cascadia and Colorado, and controlled 1/4 of the former United States. Unlike the United States of old, cultural assimilation is heavily-discouraged in the Russian Empire, and the government has encouraged many ethnic groups to form interest groups to protect their cultures. It is a member of many supranational organizations, namely the European Alliance, North Pacific Pact, the United Nations and the African-Russian Zone. (Propagation). Were there records kept of French nobility before the invasion of England in 1066? In order to confirm hereditary nobility, it was necessary to first prove the family relationship with the previously reckoned hereditary noble family members. For descendants of barons and baronesses, they are given the generic Russian noble titles of pomenschik or pomenschika, the equivalent of Lord or Lady, and within the Baltic German nobility (where they are known as freiherr and freiherrin respectively), von is added before the surname. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. Ultimately however, Kirill's goal was to connect the Christian communities of the Middle East with that of Russia, claiming that Russia was the sole representative of Christian states worldwide. With the annexation of the Kingdom of Georgia in 1801, Emperor Paul I Petrovich recognized the following families of the former Kingdom of Georgia as princes of the Russian Empire. In the recent years, Russian domestic policies have been quite successful in reversing the effects of over-assimilation. This in-turn, united the native Central Asians in opposing Western sanctions. Currently, the government recognizes the Russian Orthodox Church (duh), Native Slavic Religion, Islam, Buddhism, Tengrism and Lutheranism as heritage faiths. Thus, these German national socialists who unite with their Russian counterparts, forming the National Social Workers' Party, a right-wing, conservative and anti-Semitic version of the SRs. With Kerensky gone, and Kolchak not well-liked, it appeared quite clear and evident that the monarchists had the upper-ground, and wasted no time. The Grand Duchies are all ruled by a Grand Duke, hailing from the male line of the Romanovs, hence Grand Dukes, while Grand Principalities are ruled by non-Romanov nobilities or in the case of the Grand Principality of the Urals, someone from the non-male line of the Romanovs, and Governorates are ruled by a Governor-General as the local Head of State with a Head Minister as the local Head of Government, who is titled as so in official Russian documents. The Russian Empire is the world's most educated nation, and has the highest proportion of tertiary-level graduates in terms of percentage of population, at 92%. The Manchu language is still alive today thanks to the Russian annexation of Manchuria after World War II. In a similar fashion as the loss of influence and communism with the Soviet Union of our OTL, monarchies worldwide fell to democratic revolutions, one by one, namely Germany, France, Vietnam and Cambodia. However, they only have power to grant or revoke people titles of nobility in accordance with Russian law, and cannot dictate much over native noble traditions. The same could not be said for the late 1980s, which under the leadership of Franko Korkunov as prime minister, Wolfgang Rasskazov as the foreign minister and Pavel Grachev as the Procurator General, saw immense internal conflict, similar to the events that led to the collapse of the First Empire, and the Soviet Union of our OTL. Thanks for contributing an answer to History Stack Exchange! Minimising the environmental effects of my dyson brain. Buddhism forms the third-largest, and is mainly practiced in the Russian Far East, namely Siberia, Buryatia and Manchuria. However unlike our OTL, Russia's ties with China is a mercy move for its economy. It is divided into the Imperial Ground Forces, Imperial Air Force, Imperial Rocket Force, Imperial Spetsnaz, Imperial Navy and the Civilian Homefront Force. In reality, much of the self-proclaimed ethnic Russian population also comes from non-Russian or partially non-Russian background, mostly notably German and western European ethnicities. I'm flattered that my question has drawn the attention of someone of your high reputation; however, your answer is only tangentially connected to what I asked - or, at the very least, what I intended to ask. There are many highly prestigious federal universities across the country. An additional two or three years of schooling are required for the secondary-level certificate, and some seven-eighths of Russians continue their education past this level. Most titles are derived from place names while some were from surnames also. Although originally a military noble title, because many non-military persons have dedicated their lives to protecting the Autocracy, and Russia's autocratic image, it is no longer exclusive to military personnel or veterans. The abstract for another article confirms as much with respect to the upper ranks: The later seventeenth century was an era of unprecedented social mobility in the upper reaches of Muscovite society. It spent roughly 15.7% of its GDP on education in 2018. In addition, every nobility can use their own noble titles as equivalents for their Russian counterparts in addition to exclusively indigenous titles. I had thought that they were closer to the feudal barons of the Normans and Plantagenets, and not the more formal peerage of later English and British dynasties. The varied fortunes of Louis XIV in France and Charles I in England demonstrate the consequences of a monarch not staying on top of this changing demographic. The OT equivalent of this is the Crimea crisis with Ukraine. In the late 19 th Century, the table in fact contained twelve ranks and many titles of civilian positions were simplified. A distinction between a Prince and a Crown Prince, in other monarchies, a Crown Prince is normally the eldest son of the monarch, with the Crown Princess being the wife, as well as eldest female issue. What strained its relations with the United States was the presence of Russian officers supporting the National Uprisings in Germany of the 1930s (OTL Nazi uprising), something even Prime Minister Struve was not aware of, through Procurator-General Boris Rezhukin was aware and supported it. This procedure was called "to be attached to the nobility" (or to be added to the family nobility). Relations between Jews and non-Jews in Russia has drastically improved, as Jews were historically seen as enemies of the state, and responsible for the collapse of the First Russian Empire. This killed many military and political elite, including the Tsar himself, Procurator General Boris Rezhukin and Maria Spiridonova, whom Pyotr Struve had regarded as such an important political partner. In Prince Vasily Golitsyn's case, he was descended from Gediminas of Lithuania (either thirteenth or fourteenth generation), hence his use of the princely title. The examples of estate confiscation in Europe, from Seville to St. Petersburg, are far too numerous to list. Russia escaped the 2008 Great Recession - that ultimately led to the collapse of the United States. The only constraint on a sovereign to recognize the hereditary nature of tenancy-in-chief is the constant requirement on other tenants-in-chief in order to field military power. It only takes a minute to sign up. Within the Turkic-speaking regions, there has also been a growing community of the Tengri Revival (Russian: T, Vozrozhdeniye Tengrianstva), influenced by the Native Slavic Religion revival. The resurgence of native Slavic paganism arose during the rule of Cyril the Reformer, who encouraged the promotion of native Slavic culture, as opposed of the post-Peter the Great culture, which was overtly German and western-influenced. For example, service lists and diplomas had to be provided to confirm the right to be included in Parts 2 and 3. WebThe Russian Hereditary Nobility System There were two forms of nobility in the Russian Empire: hereditary and personal. Stack Exchange network consists of 181 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. The Fond contains 775 registers for the years 1785-1917. That status requires both satisfaction of mutual obligations (viz. With this in mind, but without access to the actual biography of Vasily Golitsyn, I would guess that either the tsar had the power to 'cast someone down' (though I couldn't find a mention of this), or that downward mobility was possible along the same lines as upward mobility (i.e., within the ranks of nobility), or, indeed, that there has been a misunderstanding of Vasily Golitsyn's specific rank at death. Despite nobles avoiding directly becoming prime ministers, they often-not guide the policies of elected figures under the table. It is for this reason as to why Procurator-Generals are normally of old age, since most normally require having experience in the other offices, in addition to military experience. The 1930s was filled with a Monarchial Uprising, one supported by Tsar Vladimir I. Aside from a wide array of some of the most peculiar employments avialable for nobility at Russian Imperial court, the Table of Ranks also bore a very significant purpose. The people of Russia were divided into four classes, viz., 1. nobles, 2. clergy, 3 burghers, merchants, and other farmers, and 4. the peasants, or slaves. Nor is there an alphabetic index of names. Why do many companies reject expired SSL certificates as bugs in bug bounties? as the ruble plummeted in value, Its military drastically shrunken. @MarkC.Wallace I'm sure you're right. St. Peter Lutheran Cathedral in Tartu, Courland. The Moscow Metro Area, Europe's largest metro area, dubbed "New Moscow". Many European nations withdrew from their economic ties with the United States, and concurrently, with the overthrow of presidential republican and even parliamentary republican forms of governments (return to constitutional monarchies), turned to Russia once-more, as the Russians and Chinese wasted no time filling in the power vacuum, with the Chinese having the goal of preventing Germany and Russia to outdo it. Whatever the legal apparatus, upon conviction of any "sufficiently severe" crime the feudal status was subject to revocation as punishment. Baron Pyotr Nikolaevich Wrangel represented those who favored Kiril I, while Baron Roman Fyodorovich von Ungern-Sternberg represented those who favored Nicholas I. It is considered the wealthiest country in the world. The Imperial Russian Forces are the official fighting force of the Empire. Noblemen who were reckoned according to foreign rules had to confirm their nobility in the Russian Empire (to receive Russian nobility) to be included in the 4th Part. The military reforms within the Nazis also made Russia nearly impenetrable from an outside invasion. The word itself was taken from the German, and was originally created to reward families of ancient ancestry who supported the Emperors westernizing reforms, but who did not possess titles of their own. Grand Duke Vladimir I Kirilovich succeeded his father in becoming the Tsar of Russia. However, Kiril I and Wrangel still wanted Russia to be a representative of European monarchies. Today, the overwhelming majority of Russian Jews self-identify themselves with the Russian state, and represent Russia on world affairs. For more information, please see this page. However, the overwhelming majority of Russian Jews hold negative connotations of Lenin, and of communism. Alma-ata Belgorod Kazan Kiev Kharbin Kharkov Moscow , Akhmedov Bezukladnikov Bobrinsky Delano Korolev Kleymyonov Glushko Goncharov Goryemkin Grttrup Guryanov Primakov Sheremetev Tsiolkovsky Zander, Anschtz Bazemore Belikov Bardenhewer Biskupsky Bogatyryov Chernov , Bermondt-Avalov Doluda Khanenko Krasnov Tereschenko, Aufschnaiter Baumann Grasmck Kesselring Pfeiffer Wilms-Kegel Weinbacher Weingaertner. What is the difference between a princess consort and a queen consort? A consort is the role of the spouse of the ruler of a territory. They have n In many continental European countries, the order of titles in nobility is similar to that of the United Kingdom, with Dukes, Marquesses, Counts, and Barons being the most prestigious titles. Follow Up: struct sockaddr storage initialization by network format-string. The succession of Autocrat of all Russia unlike in past traditions, is no longer gender-specific, male-line that is. FOUNDATION for EAST EUROPEAN FAMILY HISTORY STUDIES, Russian State Naval Archives: Finding Aids, Russian State Naval Archives: Annotated Register 1696-1917, Russian Fleet Expedition to North America: 1863-1864, Russian Central State Military Historical Archive, Russian Ancestry Research Services: BLITZ Information Center, Institute of History, Russian Academy of Sciences, Index of Surname Fonds at the RGIA in St. Petersburg, Honored citizenship in the Emperor's Russia: 1890-1917, Honored Citizenship in the Emperor's Russia: 1830-1890, History of the Ancient Russian Town of Murom, German Records in the RGIA St. Petersburg, BLITZ Glossary of Russian Genealogy terms, American Society of Russian Naval History - Publishing, American Society of Russian Naval History - Books, American Society of Russian Naval History, 84 Nobile Families of Murom, Russia (1597, 1605), 43 Jewish Families living at Murom Russia, 1913, 369 Merchant Families of Murom, Russia (1723-1917), 196 Noble Families of Murom, Russia (1778-1917). To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. Alternative History is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. Charles, the Prince of Wales, is also the Baron of Renfrew, and his son, William, is also the Baron of Carrickfergus. Russian soldiers of the 3rd South Russia Front, Lviv, 1942. Wonder how I would measure that? St. Or has Massie himself got the wrong end of the stick? Baburin would go find places for displaced Russians to find new wealth, namely Central Asia and the Caucasus. Ultimately, the current Autocrat chooses who will succeed him or her, a tradition taken from the Manchu Aisin Gioro and Qing Dynasty tradition. In the case of gender-neutral, the monarch is styled as the Autocrat of all Russia. In 1993, Tsaritsa Maria I finally stepped in, deposing of Korkunov, Rasskazov and Grachev, under charges of national treason, the first-ever incident in which the monarch of Russia wielded his/her powers. The Russian titles gertzog/gertzoginya are borrowed from German herzog/herzogin, also for the same title, introduced during the rule of Catherine the Great. royal duchess a duke who is also a royal prince, being a member of the royal family duke or (fem.) The Jewish population has seen a large-scale revival, and is the fourth-largest religions, and just like the non-Orthodox Christians, are descended from Russian Jewish-American, there are recorded 530,310 Jews in Russia. The Russian Web5 Noble titles and hierarchy 5.1 Emperor/Empress of all Russia 5.2 Grand Duke/Grand Prince/Grand Ataman 5.3 Duke/Prince/Ataman 5.4 Boyar/Boyarynya 5.5 Count/Countess 5.6 Baron/Baronness 5.7 Pomenschik/Pomenschitsa 5.8 Legal titles and succession laws 5.9 Indigenous royal titles 5.10 Territorial disputes 6 Economy 7 Education 8 Demographics I suspect the answer is that the Russian autocracy was closer to a pure autocracy than others - the will of the autarch was more important than tradition/custom/historical precedent. Knights are not recognised as part of the nobility in Japan. In the sixteenth century deti boiarskie were recruited from all social milieus, including cossacks, peasants, and even slaves. In 1989, the Second Russian Empire collapsed, and in its in place in 1993, Procurator General Pavel Grachev, Prime Minister Franko Korkunov and Foreign Minister Wolfgang Rasskazov proclaimed the Great Russian Commonwealth (OT equivalent: Russian Federation, sort of). The Russian economy is considered one of the great global economies, and is the largest economy in the world in terms of nominal GDP, and GDP per capita. Therefore, we recognise that there was fluidity within the ranks between the 16th and 18th centuries. More armed insurrections occurred in the Caucasus and Central Asia, which Grachev seemingly tried, albeit very miserably to stop. The Russian Empire also lays claim to Transnistria and Gagauzia against Moldova and Romania. The Caucasus is home to ethnic Georgians, Azeris, Chechens, Avars, Kumyks and others. Life The two largest opposing forces of the White Movement were the monarchists, and the republicanists. After this time, Poles had to confirm their nobility not only in the Provincial Noble Assemblies but also in the Heraldry Department of the Ruling Senate as did other pretenders. Baronets and Knights are considered lower in rank but are still considered members of the nobility. In 1989, after Mongolia declared independence, Governor-General (later President) Davaadorjiin Ganbold declared Buryatia, and the Lake Baikal region, to be considered part of the Province of Baikal. Polish nobility (szlachta) was not an exception, but the procedure of confirmation for Polish noblemen was easier than for noblemen from other countries between the 18th century until the year 1830 (the time of the Polish revolt). Well surprise surprise, socialism STILL dominates Russia in the 1930s via Roman Gul's party, which begins to truly resemble Swedish and Scandinavian socialist politics. For example, Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin (who despite the similarity in surname, is not from the House of Gagarin), was ennobled as a Boyar of Smolensk, and native Estonian Mikel "Mikhail" pik, who became crowned a Baron for his role in defending the Tsardom from anti-Tsarists in the Baltics. Under the leadership of Kiril I, and his Procurator-General, Pyotr Wrangel, and Prime Minister Georgy Lvov, the Russian Empire would begin the seeds to its industrialization and modernization. In 1994, Wassily Vladimirovich Felgenhauer was elected Procurator General, Sergey Baburin as the Prime Minister and Oleg Pavlov as the Foreign Minister. It is currently considered the world military superpower, with the largest air force, ground force, and second-largest navy. The Grand Duke, or Grand Duchess is a hereditary title, and is by law, a Romanov or a Rurikid/Ruthenian. The rise of the "Nazis" was extremely rapid across Russia. However, the liberal leadership of the three did anything but quell the internal situation, and the Commonwealth experienced extremely tumultuous events. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Not the answer you're looking for? Many members of the House of Chermoev, a Chechen princely family of beylik (baronial) origin, got their noble titles revoked and all their properties sequestered for partaking in anti-Tsarist and Islamist extremism. Prior to the reign of Peter the Great in 1682, Russia was roughly divided into five classes: royalty (immediate family of the ruler); landed nobili Russia is divided into Grand Duchies & Grand Principalities (OT equivalent: Federal District), followed by Principalities & Governorates (OT equivalent: republics), and in the case of Governorates under the rulerships of a nobility, a Principality. Manchuria is home to the indigenous Manchu people, as well as Chinese. The former United States becomes a loose reminiscent of Europe, clearly with Germany and Russia being the two largest land-owners of the former the United States. To be added to the family nobility, a person had to provide various documents confirming their origin and their right to be registered in the same section of the Noble Register as their ancestors. The Great Russian Commonwealth (Russian: , Velikoye Rossiyskoye Sodruzhestvo) also known as Russia, and the Russian Empire (Russian: , Rossiyskaya Imperiya) is a country located in Eastern Europe, Eurasia, Northern Asia, East Asia and North America. According to Richard Hellie, The term literally means boyar children, which may mean either that initially they were the sons of boyars, or, more likely, simply the retainers of boyars. In addition, requirements for nobility confirmation continually became more restrictive and the authorities asked for more and more documents. For example, the Baltic German nobilities use the title Frst for prince, which is equivalent to the Russian Knyaz or Cossack Ataman. This surprised me because everything I had read about the boyars up to that point had led me to believe that they were an ill-defined social class, with very fuzzy borders. Some of these are readily available, most are rare or specialist texts, only available through libraries. Often the parents initiated the process of adding their children to the family nobility and tried to do this for all of them. The Gul Reforms proved to pave the way for a new era of modernization, never-before seen in Russia, where regular people began to work in factories, and produce technology. Some members of the Royal Family hold a baron title. In this ATL, relations between Russia and Germany are actually friendly, with the two signing a similar 1939 Russo-German Peace Agreement. By clicking Accept, you agree to our Privacy Policy, 2012-2022 Principality of Sealand, All rights reserved. The Manchu system is unique in that the banner system is stratified as well, and ethnic Manchus who become crowned baron by the Autocrat are given the Bordered Yellow Bannerman title (Manchu: Kuuh Cu , Kubuhe Suwayan Gsa), the highest banner in the Manchu system. Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, and our products. They are rulers of territories known as Grand Duchies. The titles grand ataman ( ) and grand atamansha ( ), are a title used by the Cossacks. With the expulsion of Zionists from Russia, came the founding of Israel in 1948, which Vladimir I heavily opposed. In the aftermath of World War I, the First Russian Empire was rocked by revolutions, that ultimately saw the overthrow of Nicholas II, however his cousin, Cyril I, succeeded him as the Tsar after the White victory over the Reds, and the monarchists in the Russian Civil War, leading to the Russian Empire's resurgence, but as a constitutional monarchy as Cyril I would begin the democratization of the Russian Empire by vesting his powers in elected individuals. Feudalism is a personal relationship of trust between sovereign and tenant(in-chief). The 6th Part of the Noble Register listed only ancient noble families whose nobility was confirmed a hundred years ago or earlier. However, the much-famed title Tsar () or Tsaritsa () is still used and is the most common, and is a cognate to the German Kaiser, taken from the Latin word ceasar. Documents confirming the origin from an ancient ancestor who received the hereditary nobility had to be provided to confirm the right to be included in the Parts 1 and 6. For those not of Romanov nobility, they are known as Crown Princes/Princesses, and rule Principalities. Webrussian nobility titles hierarchy. Currently, ethnic Russians make up the majority of the country, at 64.5%. Why is this sentence from The Great Gatsby grammatical? Primary school is compulsory for eleven years, starting from age 6 to 7, and leads to a basic general education certificate. It was necessary to confirm that the family owned estates (ancestral lands) in the same province in which the first members of the family who were reckoned among the nobility owned. Russia currently has territorial disputes with Ukraine, Mongolia and Romania, largely owing the territories of Buryatia, Tuvan and Moldova. Emergency Funds were used to help maintain sectors of the Russian economy, which was severely damaged by western sanctions, and the value of the ruble dipped. Below the Grand Dukes and Grand Princes are the Dukes/Duchesses, and they rule Duchies. In this timeline, Russia and Germany become allies. You can find the name servers you need to use in your welcome email or HostGator control panel. He was, at the same time, a member of the boyar grouping, the two not being connected to each other. Maria I Vladimirovna, current Empress of all Russia. The Russian Empire has an adult literacy rate of 99.7%. WebAt any time, between 1829 - 1974, nobility titles didn't apply in Greece. Upon finding out, the League of Nations banned Russia in 1939. WebThe title of Prince or Kniaz () is one of the oldest Russian titles of nobility. Many Polish noblemen lost their nobility because of this. A characterization of the dumnye dvoriane before the 17th century is useful, indicating a far looser historic understanding: Syn boiarskii (p1. Here is a general overview of the order of titles in nobility in some common systems: In the United Kingdom, the order of titles in nobility is as follows: Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount, Baron, Baronet, and Knight. However, their followers are very low in number. Where it says [lower title] roll on the Lower Titles table. They then sent the documents to the high institution of the Heraldry Department of the Ruling Senate. Only Thailand, Malaysia and Brunei retained their monarchies. Constitutionally however, are vested in several elected offices. This process began in the aftermath of the Russian Civil War. Forms of address in the Russian Empire - Wikipedia [ ] This article should ans Basil's Cathedral in Moscow, seat of the Russian Orthodox Church. Many of the Turkic and Islamic nobilities nobilities use Khan () or Sayyid (), which too, are equivalents to the Russian knyazhestvo class. Often-not, these are for those of noble lineage without titles, descendants of barons, or even noble morganatic unions between two nobles of unequal rank/class, only if the head of the higher-ranking family doesn't approve or refuses to recognize the issue. It supported the Arab states in the Arab-Israeli war, helping many Arab states protect themselves against the Israelis. rev2023.3.3.43278. The former Saudi Arabia came under Russian, German and Chinese influence. The non-Romanov or non-Rurikid equivalent would be a Grand Prince, who rules territories known as Grand Principalities. The two nations aren't butt-buddies, and the battle for global supremacy is still a tripartite conflict. I found a book, by Lindsey A. J. Hughes, "Russia and the West, The Life of a Seventeenth-century Westernizer, Prince Vasily Vasil'evich Golitsyn (1643-1714)", which sounds as if it would answer your case in detail. Under Feudalism, nobles are everyone who is a tenant-in-chief of the sovereign.

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